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消息動態
“防火門”驗收中應檢討哪些成績?
媒介
Preface
隨著我國社會經濟的賡續發展,各類修建數目賡續增多,修建高度賡續增長,高層修建和大型修建已成爲城市建立的主流偏向。
With the continuous development of China's social economy, the number of various types of buildings is increasing, the building height is increasing, and high-rise buildings and large buildings have become the mainstream direction of urban construction.
同時,修建高度的增長,修建範圍的擴展,也對修建的防火機能提出了更高的請求。
At the same time, with the increase of the building height and the enlargement of the building scale, the fire protection performance of the building is put forward higher requirements.
今朝修建內的防火分隔手腕,重要采用的照樣防火卷簾、防火窗和防火門搭配應用來完成修建內的防火分隔。
At present, the construction of fire separation means, mainly to take or fire shutter, fire windows and fire doors with the use of the building to achieve fire separation.
個中,防火門的數目在修建工程中少則數十,多則數千,在修建內防火分隔産品中占絕大部門,依據變亂樹道理剖析,因為任何一扇防火門的生效都能招致修建內的防火分隔生效,是以占個中絕大部門數目的防火門必定是修建內防火分隔的重點環節。
Among them, the number of fireproof door in building engineering less dozens, many thousands, in the building fire protection products accounted for the vast majority, according to the principle of fault tree analysis, due to failure of any fire door can lead to fire in the building separating failure, therefore accounted for the vast majority of the number of the fire door is inevitable the key link in building fire barrier.
是以,在驗收過程當中確保修建防火門工程質量及格顯得尤其主要。
Therefore, in the process of acceptance, it is particularly important to ensure the quality of building fire door project.
但因為防火門産品在采取國度尺度GB12955-2008《防火門》後,原本的GA588-2005《消防産品現場檢討剖斷規矩》已不順應新防火門産品檢討請求,加上我國修建工程監理和消防監視人員營業程度良莠不齊,對防火門産品不甚懂得,招致防火門工程在工程驗收中常常存在不曉得若何驗收或驗收走過場、不細心等成績,爲修建工程埋下了很多後天性火警隱患,是以,本文對防火門工程中常存在的一些成績和須要停止檢討的重點細項內容從新作以下歸結,爲消防工程建立、推銷、監理、驗收人員供給部門參考看法。
But because of the fire door products in the national standard "gb12955-2008 fire door", the original GA5882005 "on-site inspection of fire protection products rules" has been adapted to the new fire doors product inspection requirements, coupled with China's construction supervision and fire supervision personnel business level is uneven, the fire door products do not understand, cause the fire door often do not know how to project acceptance or acceptance as a mere formality, not carefully problems in engineering construction and acceptance, buried a lot of congenital fire hazards, therefore, this paper carries on the inspection to some problems in the constant fire door in engineering and the need to focus on fine content again following induction, provide some suggestions for the construction of fire protection engineering, procurement, supervision and inspection personnel.
防火門産品存在的重要成績
Main problems of fire door products
1.1市場准入及産品身份證實成績
1.1, market access and product identity issues
今朝,我國防火門産品實施型式認證軌制,防火門産品的臨盆、發賣之前需獲得型式承認證書和響應的産品磨練申報,未獲得型式承認證書或超越型式承認證書規模的産品不許可臨盆、發賣。
At present, China's fire door products certification system, before the fire doors production and sales is required to obtain the type approval certificate and relevant product inspection report, without obtaining the type approval certificate of type approval certificate or beyond the range of products do not allow the production and sale of.
但今朝市場上有部門企業,存在無證臨盆防火門或超證書規模臨盆防火門的情形,産品德量沒法包管。
But there are some enterprises on the market, there is no production of fire doors or super certificate scope of fire door production, product quality can not be guaranteed.
部門防火門産品無出廠及格證和産品銘牌,或産品銘牌信息不全、材質不符,不相符防火門産品的市場准入請求和産品國度尺度。
Some fire door products have no ex factory certificate and product nameplate, or product nameplate information incomplete, material does not match, does not meet the requirements of fire door products market access and product national standards.
部門發賣企業爲獲得好處最大化,拜托造孽企業冒充商標臨盆防火門産品,無任何産品正軌起源手續,以低價停止發賣,完整違背了我國的司法律例,其産品德量也根本沒法到達標準請求。
Part of the sales enterprises to achieve maximum benefits, commissioned by the illegal enterprises of counterfeit trademark production fire door products, without any formal product source procedures, are sold at a low price, a complete violation of the laws and regulations of our country, the quality of their products are basically unable to meet the requirements of specification.
1.2構造設計成績
1.2 structural design issues
防火門的構造設計對防火門的耐火隔熱機能具有直接的影響,部門企業的防火門産品在請求證書和型式磨練過程當中,盡量的削減門扇的開孔數目和巨細,增長門扇的厚度,削減門扇上亮窗的防火玻璃啟齒面積。
Has a direct impact on fireproof heat insulation structure design of fire door fire door, fire door products in some enterprises apply for certificates and testing process, as far as possible to reduce the number and size of opening the door, the door leaf thickness increased, reduce the fire prevention glass door opening area bright window.
但到了工程現場,很多産品依據客戶須要和雅觀須要停止了改革,開設了貓眼、轉變了防火鎖型號和構造,轉變了門扇上亮窗所應用的防火玻璃類型,撤消了閉門器溫柔序器,乃至轉變了門扇的設計構造,招致防火門防火機能的嚴重下降。
But in the engineering field, many products were made according to customer needs and aesthetic needs, opened the cat's eye, changed the fireproof lock type and structure, change the door leaf bright window used fireproof glass types, canceled door closers and order, and even change the design structure of the door, causing serious lower fire door fire performance.
1.3下降原資料尺度
1.3 reduce raw material standards
防火門在獲證磨練過程當中,申報應用的資料根本都能到達或跨越國度尺度,但在工程應用中,爲下降本錢,卻有意選用尺度較低的原資料。
In the process of obtaining the inspection, the declared materials can reach or exceed the national standard, but in the use of the project, the lower standard material is deliberately chosen to reduce the cost.
如鋼質防火門,門扇鋼板國度尺度最低請求爲0.8mm,但部門企業經常選用0.75mm乃至更薄的鋼板;
Such as steel fire doors, door leaf steel national standard minimum requirement is 0.8mm, but some enterprises often choose 0.75mm or thinner steel plate;
門芯板的經常使用設計密度爲360kg/m3,但現實運用中的門芯板密度許多只要設計密度的2/3乃至更低;
The common design density of the door core board is 360kg/m3, but the density of the core plate in practice is much, only 2/3 of the design density is even lower;
木質防火門必需應用經由阻燃處置的木柴,但許多産品未經阻燃處置或阻燃處置不達標,阻燃耐火機能有限。
Wood fire doors must be treated with flame retardant wood, but many products are not flame retardant or flame retardant treatment is not up to standard, flame retardant, fire limited performance.
1.4産品型號的設計選用與現實請求不符
1.4 design and selection of the product model does not conform to the actual requirements
修建在工程設計過程當中,已對修建通道的分散寬度、啟齒偏向作了請求,但在産品選用裝置過程當中,因為各防火門産品規格型號和施工隊的裝置方法紛歧致,使防火門的現實啟齒寬度達不到設計寬度或啟齒偏向毛病,招致分散通道分散才能的缺乏,形成了火警隱患。
In the construction process of engineering design, construction of channel width and opening direction of the evacuation requirements, but in product selection and installation process, the installation of the fire door product specifications and the construction team is not the same, so that the actual fire door opening width can reach the designed width or opening direction error, resulting in insufficient evacuation evacuation capacity, resulting in a fire hazard.
還有部門修建在不克不及應用常開式防火門的處所裝置常開式防火門,或常開式防火門設置不標準,增長了防火分隔生效的概率。
There are some parts of the building can not be used in the regular open fire doors, usually open fire doors, or often open fire doors set non-standard, increased the probability of fire separation failure.
應重點停止細項檢討的內容
The contents of fine items should be emphasized
2.1市場准入證實和産品起源文件
2.1 market access certificate and product source document
應檢討防火門産品能否具有與型號絕對應的型式承認證書和磨練申報,並檢討防火門産品能否具有相幹的供貨證實、推銷合同文件等相幹産品起源證實,確保産品相符型式認證軌制請求且起源正當。
Check whether the fire door products with type approval certificate and corresponding models and inspection reports, and check whether the fire door products have related delivery certificate, purchase contract documents to prove the source of related products, to ensure that products meet the system requirements and the source type authentication method.
2.2銘牌和標誌防火門産品上應有産品標記、質量磨練及格標記和型式認證標記
2.2 nameplates and labels shall have product marks, quality inspection marks and type certification marks on the product
並應在顯著地位固定有永遠性銘牌,銘牌的資料應爲鋁質或不鏽鋼等金屬材質,且銘牌上應有完全、精確的制作廠稱號、廠址、商標、産品稱號、規格型號、耐火機能、履行尺度、制作日期等信息內容。
And should have a permanent fixed nameplate in the apparent position of the nameplate material shall be aluminum or stainless steel and other metal materials, and manufacturing plants on the nameplate should be complete, accurate name, address, trademark, product name, specification, fire resistance, the implementation of standards, production date and other information content.
2.3防火門的全體外形構造
2.3 the overall shape of the fire door structure
應起首
Should first

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  1. 楊司理:588
  2. 苑司理:777
  3. 營業電話:-888
  4. 招商電話:-088
  5. 地址:台灣省中和市新郊區康莊路郝莊工業區805-4
  6. 網址:http://www.websolhosting.com

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